ICOW Historical State Names data set

The ICOW historical state names data set includes alternative names (or alternative spellings of names) for each nation-state in the COW interstate system. The primary purpose of this data set is to assist data coders (or other researchers using historical sources), who can often be confused by references to entity names that no longer exist or are no longer used (leading to a risk of ignored or miscoded data). The data set attempts to list all relatively common alternative names that have been used to refer to each state over the past two centuries, so that the researcher can determine easily that "New Granada" actually refers to Colombia rather than risking data loss or errors.

This data set is made available to assist researchers who encounter non-standard or non-current names for states or other entities in their research. Although many of these names appear to be obvious (as with spellings that differ by one letter from the common usage), others are not obvious at all (such as Colombia's previous name of Nueva/New Granada), and unaware coders may ignore or mis-code data as a result. This problem can be especially severe when using older sources for historical research, because many nation-states did not take their current names until the late nineteenth or twentieth centuries and were historically known by very different names, either as autonomous entities or as possessions of other states.

This can also be useful in designing search queries for searching news archives. Rather than just using the current name of the country, the user might try a search string that includes historical or alternative names or spellings, as well as proper adjectives and perhaps capital cities, in case a relevant news story didn't use the current spelling of the country's name. For example, rather than just searching for "Zimbabwe" the user might search for "(Zimbabwe OR Zimbabwean OR Rhodesia OR Rhodesian OR Harare)".

This web page will be updated with the latest version of this data set (beginning with version 1.0, which was the first version to be presented as a web page in HTML format). This offers important advantages to users, because one almost always has access to a web browser, while a specific spreadsheet may not always be handy.

Sources Consulted:

Project Participants

Current Status

Data Set References

This data set has not yet been described in any published research, so it should be cited as an electronic resource:

Contact Information

The ICOW Historical State Names data set is collected and maintained by Paul Hensel at the University of North Texas. Please contact him with any questions about the data set:


Historical State Names

Explanation of Columns

Note about Accent Marks

Many of these alternative names use various accent marks in non-English languages. I have generally left those accent marks out of this table for several reasons. First, they do not display equally well in all web browsers on all operating systems, so including them would likely make this page less useful because of all of the error codes or unexpected characters that would show up on some users' screens. Furthermore, one of the main uses for this page is searching for a text string to determine which country is being referred to (whether through a search engine like Google or, once the page is loaded, through the browser's Find command). Most users will not enter the accented character (and even if they did it may not translate correctly, depending on their web browser and operating system), so including those accent marks would only make the page less useful for its primary audience.

Note about Languages

This is not an effort to list country names in every major world language, as that would quickly lead this to become too long to be of much value. The primary goal is to list alternative or historical names that scholars or students are likely to run across in their research. As such, this data set emphasizes names or spellings that are (or were) typically used in the native language of the area, the language of the colonial ruler(s) if relevant, and any other common names or spellings that have typically been used in English-language sources at some point in the last two centuries.

Additions or Corrections?

Please let me know if you have any suggestions for additional names or spellings that are not included here yet, or any suggested corrections to information that is already here. It is always possible that the sources I consulted initially were mistaken or left out important information, so I always appreciate new information that will help improve the data set.


NumNameAlternative Spellings / Names / Related EntitiesCapital(s) since 1800Adjective(s)
2United States of AmericaUS/U.S./United States; USA/U.S.A. Washington D.C.American
20CanadaBritish possessions: British North America

French possessions: New France
Ottawa (Kingston 1841-1843, Montreal 1843-1849, Toronto 1849-1859, Quebec City 1859-1865)Canadian
31BahamasBahama Islands; Lucayos NassauBahaman, Bahamian
40Cuba(None) HavanaCuban
41HaitiAyiti (native); Hayti; Saint-Domingue Port-au-PrinceHaitian
42Dominican RepublicRepublica Dominicana; Saint Domingo; San Domingo; Santo Domingo Santo Domingo (renamed as Ciudad Trujillo from 1930-1967 until Trujillo's death)Dominican, Santo Domingan
51JamaicaSt. Jago; Santiago; Xaymaca Kingston (Santiago de la Vega in colonial times)Jamaican
52Trinidad & TobagoTrinidad: Bella Forma; Trinity

Tobago: Tapuago (native)
Port-of-SpainTrinidadian, Tobagonian, Tobagan
53BarbadosBarbadoes BridgetownBarbadan, Barbadian, Bajan
54DominicaIsla Dominga RoseauDominican
55GrenadaConcepcion; Granada; La Grenade St. George'sGrenadan, Grenadian
56Saint LuciaHewanorra (native); Sainte Lucie; Santa Lucia CastriesSt. Lucian, Saint Lucian, Santa Lucian
57Saint Vincent & GrenadinesSt. Vincent: Hairoun (native)

Grenadines: Grenadilles
KingstownSt. Vincentian, Saint Vincentian, Vincentian, Grenadine
58Antigua & BarbudaSanta Maria de Antigua St. John'sAntiguan, Barbudan
60Saint Kitts & NevisSt. Kitts-Nevis

St. Kitts: Liamuiga (native); St. Christopher; San Cristobal
BasseterreKittitian, Nevisian
70MexicoEstados Unidos Mexicanos; Mejico; Mexican Empire; Mexican Republic; United Mexican States Mexico CityMexican
80BelizeBalize; Belice; British Bay Settlement; British Honduras Belmopan (Belize City until 1970)Belizean, Belizian
90Guatemala(none) Guatemala CityGuatemalan
91Honduras(none) TegucigalpaHonduran
92El SalvadorSaint Salvador; Salvador; San Salvador San SalvadorSalvadoran
93NicaraguaNicarahua ManaguaNicaraguan
94Costa RicaRich Coast San JoseCosta Rican, Tico
95PanamaCastilla de Oro/Castilla del Oro; State of the Isthmus Panama CityPanamanian
100ColombiaColumbia; Gran Colombia; Granadine Confederation; Great Colombia; Greater Colombia; Grenadine Confedaration; New Granada; Nueva Granada BogotaColombian, Columbian
101VenezuelaBolivarian Republic of Venezuela CaracasVenezuelan
110GuyanaBritish Guiana; Guayana

Included Berbice, Demerara, Essequibo
GeorgetownGuyanan, Guyanese
115SurinameDutch Guiana; Netherlands Guiana; Surinam; Willoughbyland ParamariboSurinamese
130EcuadorEstado del Ecuator; State of the Equator QuitoEcuadoran, Ecuadorean, Ecuadorian
135PeruPerou; Peruvian Republic

Part of Peru-Bolivia Confederation 1839-1839
LimaPeruvian
140BrazilBrasil Brasilia (Rio de Janeiro until 1960)Brazilian
145BoliviaCharcas; Upper Peru

Part of Peru-Bolivia Confederation (1836-1839)
Sucre (official), La Paz (administrative)Bolivian
150ParaguayGuaira; Paraguai AsuncionParaguayan
155ChileChili, Chilli Santiago (official), Valparaiso (legislative)Chilean
160ArgentinaArgentine Confederation; Argentine Nation; Argentine Republic; Platine Republic; United Provinces of La Plata; United Provinces of Rio de la Plata; United Provinces of South America Buenos AiresArgentine, Argentinian
165UruguayBanda Oriental; Estado Oriental del Uruguay; Province of Montevideo; Provincia Oriental del Rio de la Plata; República Oriental del Uruguay MontevideoUruguayan
200United KingdomAlbion; Britain; Britannia; England; Great Britain (1707+); UK/U.K.; United Kingdom of Great Britain (1707-1801); United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1927); United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1927+) LondonBritish, English
205IrelandEire (1937-1948); Erin; Hibernia; Irish Free State; Irish Republic; Saorstat Eireann

Part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1801-1922)
DublinIrish
210NetherlandsBatavian Republic / Batavian Comonwealth (1795-1806); Holland; Nederland; Republic of the United Provinces; United Netherlands (1813-1815)

Part of the Low Countries or Nether Lands
Amsterdam (official); The Hague (administrative, legislative, and judicial)Dutch
211BelgiumBelgie; Belgien; Belgique

Part of the Low Countries or Nether Lands
BrusselsBelgian
212LuxembourgLetzebuerg; Luxemburg Luxembourg CityLuxembourgian, Luxemburgian
220FranceFrench Empire; French Republic; L'Hexagone; Republique Francaise Paris (Vichy was the capital of the Vichy French regime from 1940-1942, while the rest of France was occupied by Germany)French
221MonacoFort-Hecule/Fort Hecule

Included Menton and Roquebrone
MonacoMonacan, Monegasque
223Liechtenstein(none)Vaduz(none)
225SwitzerlandHelvetia; Helvetica; Helvetic Republic or Helvetian Republic (under Napoleon); Schweiz; Suisse; Svizzera; Svizra; Swiss Confederation BernSwiss
230SpainEspainia; Espana; Espanya Madrid (San Sebastian served as 19th Century summer capital; Valencia served as government of the Second Spanish Republic in the Spanish Civil War from 1936-1939)Spanish
232Andorra(none) Andorra la VellaAndorran
235Portugal(none) Lisbon (Rio de Janeiro 1808-1821 while leaders fled to Brazil)Portuguese
240HanoverHannover HannoverHanoverian
245BavariaBayern MunichBavarian
255GermanyDeutsches Reich; Deutschland; German Empire

The COW project and many scholars consider Prussia (Preussen) to be the predecessor of Germany before unification.
Berlin (Bonn briefly after unification in 1990?)German
260German Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany (FRG); West Germany BonnWest German
265German Democratic RepublicDeutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR); East Germany; German Democratic Republic (GDR) East BerlinEast German
267BadenAquae Panoniae; Baden bei Wien KarlsruheBadenese
269SaxonySachsen DresdenSaxon
271WuerttemburgWurttemburg StuttgartWuerttemburgian, Wurttemburgian
273Hesse ElectoralElectoral Hesse; Hesse/Hessen - Kassel/Cassel; Kurhessen Kassel/CasselHessian
275Hesse Grand DucalDucal Hesse; Hesse/Hessen - Darmstadt DarmstadtHessian
280Mecklenburg Schwerin(none) Schwerin (Ludwigslust from 1765-1837)Mecklenburgian
290PolandPolska; Rceczypospolita Polska Warsaw (govt in exile during WWII: Paris 1939-1940, London 1940-1990; de facto capital: Lublin 1944-1945, Lodz 1945-1947)Polish
300Austria-HungaryDual Monarchy; Hapsburg/Habsburg Empire ViennaAustrian, Hungarian, Hapsburg, Habsburg
305AustriaOsterreich ViennaAustrian
310HungaryMagyar Nepkoxtarsasag; Magyar Republic; Magyarorszag; Ungarn BudapestHungarian
315CzechoslovakiaCeskoslovensko; Czecho-Slovakia PragueCzechoslovakian, Czech
316Czechia / Czech RepublicBohemia and Moravia; Ceska Republika PragueCzech
317SlovakiaSlovak Republic; Slovenska Republika; Slovensko BratislavaSlovakian, Slovak
325ItalyItalia

The COW project and many scholars consider Piedmont-Sardinia (Savoy/Savoie/Savoia, Sardinia/Sardegna, Piedmont/Piemonte, or Piedmont-Sardinia/Sardinia-Piedmont) to be the predecessor of Italy before unification.
Rome (Torino 1861-1865, Florence 1865-1871)Italian (previously Piedmontese, Sardinian)
327Papal StatesLo Stato della Chiesa; Roman Republic; States of the Church; Stati Pontificii RomePapal, Roman
329Two SiciliesIncluded Sicily and Naples NaplesSicilian, Neapolitan
331San Marino(none) San MarinoSan Marinese, Sammarinese
332Modena(none) ModenaModenese
335Parma(none) ParmaParmese, Parmesan
337TuscanyToscana FlorenceTuscan
338Malta(none) VallettaMaltese
339AlbaniaShqiperi; Shqipni; Shqipri Tirana (Vlore from 1912-1920)Albanian
341MontenegroCrno Gora; Tsernagora Podgorica (Cetinje until 1946)Montenegrin
343MacedoniaFormer Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM); Makedonija SkopjeMacedonian
344CroatiaHrvatska ZagrebCroatian, Croat
345YugoslaviaSerbia (pre-1919 and 2006+); Serbia & Montenegro (1990s); Srbija i Crna Gora; Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (official name 1918-29); Jugoslavia BelgradeYugoslavian, Yugoslav, Serbian, Serb
346Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosna i Hercegovina / BiH; Bosnia and Hercegovina SarajevoBosnian, Herzegovinian
347KosovoKosova; Kossovo PristinaKosovan, Kosovar
349SloveniaSlovenija LjubljanaSlovenian, Slovene
350GreeceEllada; Ellas; Hellas Athens (Nafplion 1821-1836)Greek
352CyprusKibris; Kypros NicosiaCypriot
355BulgariaBalgarija; Republika Bulgariya SofiaBulgarian
359MoldovaBessarabia; Moldau; Moldavia; Moldavian Republic Chisinau (Iasi capital of Moldavia until 1862 when unified with Wallachia to form Romania)Moldovan
360RomaniaDacia (ancient); Roumania; Rumania Bucharest (Iasi capital of Moldavia until 1862 when unified with Wallachia to form Romania; Bucharest was capital of Wallachia; Cluj capital of Transylvania until unified with Romania in 1918)Romanian
365RussiaRossija; Rossiya; Rus; Russian Federation; Soviet Union; Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/USSR/CCCP Moscow (Saint Petersburg 1712-1914 - renamed Petrograd 1914-1918)Russian, Soviet
366EstoniaEesti; Esthonia TallinnEstonian
367LatviaLatvija; Lettland RigaLatvian
368LithuaniaLietuva Vilnius (Kaunas 1922-1940)Lithuanian
369UkraineUkrajina; Ukrayina Kyiv/KievUkrainian
370BelarusBelarus; Belarusia; Bielarus; Bielorussia; Byelorussia; White Russia MinskBelarusian, Belarusan, Byelorussian, White Russian
371ArmeniaHayasdan; Hayastan YerevanArmenian
372GeorgiaGruziya; Sakartvelo TbilisiGeorgian
373AzerbaijanAzerbaidjan; Azerbaycan BakuAzerbaijani, Azeri
375FinlandSuome Tasavalta; Suomi Helsinki (Turku until 1812)Finnish
380SwedenSverige StockholmSwedish
385NorwayNoreg; Norge Oslo (known as Christiania 1624-1924)Norwegian
390DenmarkDanmark CopenhagenDanish
395IcelandIsland ReykjavikIcelandic
402Cape VerdeCabo Verde; Ilhas do Cabo Verde PraiaCape Verdean, Cabo Verdean
403Sao Tome and PrincipeSao Tome e Principe Sao TomeSao Tomean
404Guinea-BissauGuine-Bissau; Portuguese Guinea Bissau (Bolama 1879-1941, Boe 1973-1974)Bissau-Guinean
411Equatorial GuineaGuinea Ecuatorial; Spanish Guinea MalaboEquatorial Guinean, Equatoguinean
420GambiaPart of Senegambia confederation (1982-89) BanjulGambian
432MaliFrench Sudan; Haut Senegal; Sudanese Republic (1958-60); Upper Senegal; Upper Senegal & Niger (through 1920) BamakoMalian
433SenegalSaint Louis

Part of Senegambia confederation (1982-89)
DakarSenegalese
434BeninDahomey Porto-Novo (official), Cotonou (de facto)Beninese
435MauritaniaMauretania; Mauritanie; Muritaniyyah NouakchottMauritanian
436Niger(none) Niamey (Zinder 1899-1926)Nigerien
437Ivory CoastCote d'Ivoire; Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro (official), Abidjan (administrative) (Grand Bassam 1893-1900, Bingerville 1900-1933, Abidjan 1933-1983)Ivorian, Ivoirian
438GuineaFrench Guinea; Guine; Guinea-Conacri/Conakri/Conakry; Guinee; Rivieres du Sud ConakryGuinean
439Burkina FasoBourkina-Fasso/Bourkina Fasso; Haute-Volta/Haute Volta; Upper Volta (through 1984); Voltaic Republic OuagadougouBurkinabe, Burkinese
450LiberiaCape Mesurado Colony; Grain Coast MonroviaLiberian
451Sierra LeoneFreedom Province FreetownSierra Leonean, Sierra Leonian
452GhanaGold Coast (includes British Togoland) Accra (Cape Coast until 1877)Ghanaian
461TogoFrench Togo/French Togoland (British Togoland became part of Ghana); Togoland; Togolese Republic Lome (Aneho from 1880s-1897)Togolese
471CameroonBritish Cameroons / French Cameroons; Cameroons; Cameroun; Kamerun YaoundeCameroonian
475NigeriaFederation of Nigeria; Niger Coast Protectorate; Oil Rivers Protectorate Abuja (Lagos until 1991)Nigerian
481GabonGabonese Republic; Gaboon; Gabun; Republique Gabonaise LibrevilleGabonese
482Central African RepublicCentral African Empire/CAE/C.A.E.; CAR/C.A.R.; Kodorosese ti Beafrika; Oubangi-Chari; Republique Centrafricaine; Ubangi-Shari BanguiCentral African
483ChadBornu (pre-colonial); Tasad; Tchad N'DjamenaChadian
484CongoCongo-Brazzaville; French Congo; Middle Congo; Moyen Congo; Republic of the Congo BrazzavilleCongolese
490Democratic Republic of the CongoBelgian Congo; Congo-Kinshasa; DRC; Zaire (1971-97) Kinshasa (Renamed from Leopoldville in 1966)Congolese
500Uganda(none) KampalaUgandan
501KenyaBritish East Africa Protectorate; Kenia NairobiKenyan
510TanzaniaGerman East Africa; Tanganyika (1920-64) Dodoma (official), Dar es Salaam (administrative)Tanzanian, Tanganyikan
511Zanzibar(none) Zanzibar CityZanzibari
516BurundiUburundi; Urundi BujumburaBurundian
517RwandaRuanda KigaliRwandan
520SomaliaBritish Somaliland/Somaliland Protectorate; Italian Somaliland (Somalia Italiana)/Somaliland Trust Territory; Soomalia MogadishuSomali
522DjiboutiFrench Somaliland; French Territory of the Afars & Issas; Jibuti Djibouti CityDjiboutian
530EthiopiaAbyssinia; Ityop'iya/Ityopiya Addis AbabaEthiopian
531EritreaErithrea; Ertra; Iritriya AsmaraEritrean
540AngolaPortuguese West Africa LuandaAngolan
541MozambiqueMocambique; Portuguese East Africa MaputoMozambican
551ZambiaNorthern Rhodesia LusakaZambian
552ZimbabweRhodesia (through 1980); Southern Rhodesia HarareZimbabwean, Rhodesian
553MalawiBritish Central Africa Protectorate; Nyasaland LilongweMalawian
560South AfricaMzantsi Afrika; Ningizimu Africa; Republiek van Suid-Afrika; Suid-Afrika/Suid Afrika Pretoria (official and adminstrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)South African
565NamibiaGerman West Africa; South-West Africa WindhoekNamibian
570LesothoBasutoland MaseruBasotho
571BotswanaBechuanaland GaboroneBotswanan, Batswana
572SwazilandeSwatini MbabaneSwazi
580MadagascarMadagasikara; Malagasy Republic; Malgache Republic AntananarivoMadagascan
581ComorosComores; Comoro Islands; Iles Comores; Komori; Qumur MoroniComoran, Comorian
590MauritiusIle de France; Maurice Port LouisMauritian
591SeychellesSesel VictoriaSeychellois
600Moroccoal Magrib; Al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah; French Morocco; Maroc; Marruecos RabatMoroccan
615AlgeriaAlgerie; Al-Jazair/Al-Jaza'ir AlgiersAlgerian
616TunisiaTunis; Tunisie TunisTunisian
620LibyaLibia; Libiyah; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

Included Tripolitania, Cyrenaica, Fezzan
TripoliLibyan
625SudanAnglo-Egyptian Sudan; As-Sudan; Jumhuriyat as-Sudan; Soudan KhartoumSudanese
626South SudanSouthern Sudan JubaSouth Sudanese
630IranPersia Tehran / TeheranIranian, Persian
640TurkeyOsmanli Empire; Ottoman Empire; Turkiye Ankara

(Istanbul/Constantinople is another major city that is sometimes used by writers to refer to Turkey or its predecessors)
Turkish, Ottoman
645IraqAl-ʿIraq; Irak; Mesopotamia BaghdadIraqi
651EgyptMisr; United Arab Republic/UAR/U.A.R. (1958-1971) CairoEgyptian
652SyriaAsh Sham / Esh Sham; Syrie / La Syrie; Suriyyah

Part of United Arab Republic 1958-1961
DamascusSyrian
660LebanonGrand Liban; Great Lebanon Liban; Lubnan; Mount Lebanon

Part of Levant States with Syria
BeirutLebanese
663JordanAl-Urdunn; Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan; Transjordan; Transjordania AmmanJordanian
666IsraelIsrail; Palestine (until 1948); Yisra'el Jerusalem (Tel Aviv temporarily from 5/1948-12/1948)

Most states maintain embassies in Tel Aviv because they do not recognize Israeli sovereignty over all of Jerusalem)
Israeli
670Saudi ArabiaAl-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah as-Saudiyah; Hejaz and Nejd/Hijaz and Nejd; Saudia; Wahabbid Empire

Included Hejaz/Hedjaz/Hijaz/Al-Hijaz and Nejd/Nejed/Najd
Riyadh (Dariyah until 1818)Saudi
678Yemen Arab RepublicNorth Yemen; Sanaa/Sana'a/Sana Sanaa/Sana'a/Sana (Taiz 1948-1962)Yemeni, Yemenite
679YemenAl-Yaman Sanaa/Sana'a/SanaYemeni, Yemenite
680Yemen People's RepublicAden; Aden Colony; Federation of South Arabia; People's Democratic Rep. of Yemen; People's Rep. of Southern Yemen; South Yemen AdenYemeni, Yemenite
690Kuwaital-Kuwayt; Koweit; Kuweit; Kuwayt Kuwait CityKuwaiti
692Bahrainal-Baḥrayn; Bahrein ManamaBahraini
694QatarKatar DohaQatari
696United Arab EmiratesAl-Imarat Al-Arabiyah Al-Muttahidah; Trucial Coast; Trucial Oman; Trucial States Abu DhabiEmirati
698OmanMuscat/Musqat/Masqat; Muscat and Oman; 'Umman MuscatOmani
700AfghanistanAfganestan; Afganistan KabulAfghan, Afghani
701TurkmenistanTurkmen; Turkmenia; Turkoman Republic

Part of Russian Turkestan
AshgabatTurkmen, Turcoman
702TajikistanTadjikistan; Tadzhikistan; Tajik Tojokiston; Tojokistan DushanbeTajikistani, Tajik
703KyrgyzstanKirgizia; Kirghizstan; Kirgizstan; Kyrgyz Republic; Kyrgyzstan BishkekKyrgyz, Kyrgyzstani, Kirgiz, Kirgizstani
704UzbekistanOzbekistan; Uzbek Republic; Uzbekiston Tashkent (Samarkand from 1925-1930s)Uzbekistani, Uzbek
705KazakhstanKazachstan; Kazakh Republic; Kazakstan; Qazakstan Astana (was Alma-Atta 1992-1993 / renamed Almaty 1993-1998)Kazakhstani, Kazakh
710ChinaChungkuo; "Communist China"; Jhongguo; "Mainland China"; People's Republic of China (PRC); "Red China"; Zhongguo BeijingChinese
712MongoliaMongol Uls; Mongolian People's Republic; Outer Mongolia UlaanbaatarMongolian
713TaiwanChinese Taipei; Formosa; "Free China"; "Nationalist China"; Republic of China (ROC); Taipei; T'aiwan TaipeiTaiwanese
730KoreaChosen; Choson; Tae Han SeoulKorean
731North KoreaDemocratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK); Choson PyongyangKorean, North Korean
732South KoreaRepublic of Korea (ROK); Hanguk SeoulKorean, South Korean
740JapanNihon; Niphon; Nippon Tokyo (Kyoto until 1868)Japanese
750IndiaBharat; Bharata; British India; Intiy New Delhi (Calcutta 1772-1912; Simla was the summer capital under British rule)Indian
760BhutanDruk yul/Druk-yul ThimphuBhutanese
770PakistanWest Pakistan Islamabad (Karachi 1947-1959, Rawalpindi 1959-1967)Pakistani
771BangladeshBangla Desh; Banglades; East Bengal (1947-1955); East Pakistan (1955-1971) DhakaBangladeshi
775MyanmarBurma (through 1989); Myanmar (1989+); Myanma Pyinmana (Yangoon/Rangoon 1948-2005)Burmese, Burman, Myanmarese
780Sri LankaCeylon (through 1972); Llankai Colombo (official), Kotte (legislative and judicial)Sri Lankan, Lankan
781Maldive IslandsDivehi Rajje; Maldives MaleMaldivian
790Nepal(none) KathmanduNepalese, Nepali
800ThailandMuang Thai; Prathet Thai; formerly Siam BangkokThai, Siamese
811CambodiaCambodge; Camboja; Kampuchea; Khmer Republic (1970-75) Phnom PenhCambodian, Kampuchean, Khmer
812LaosLao VientianeLaotian, Lao
816VietnamDemocratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV)/North Vietnam (until 1975); Viet Nam HanoiVietnamese, North Vietnamese
817Republic of VietnamRepublic of Vietnam (RVN); South Vietnam SaigonVietnamese, South Vietnamese
820MalaysiaFederated Malay States; Federation of Malaya; Malaya; Malayan Union Kuala LumpurMalaysian, Malay
830SingaporeCinkappur; Singapura; Xinjiapo SingaporeSingaporean
835BruneiBrunei Darussalam Bandar Seri BegawanBruneian
840PhilippinesFilipinas; Islas Filipinas; Pilipinas; Republica de Filipinas; Republika ng Pilipinas Manila (Quezon City 1948-1976)Filipino
850IndonesiaDutch East Indies; Netherlands East Indies; Netherlands Indies JakartaIndonesian
860East TimorPortuguese Timor; Timor L'este/Timor Leste; Timor Lorosa'e DiliTimorese
900Australia(none) Canberra (Melbourne 1901-1927)Australian
910Papua New GuineaIncluded Papua (British New Guinea) and Trust Territory of New Guinea (German New Guinea) Port MoresbyNew Guinean, Papuan, Guinean
920New ZealandAotearoa Wellington (Russell 1840-1841, Auckland 1841-1865)New Zealand, (informal) Kiwi
935VanuatuNew Hebrides (through 1980) Port VilaVanuatan
940Solomon Islands(none) Honiara (Tulaghi 1896-1942)Solomon Island, Solomon Islander
946Kiribati(none) South TarawaI-Kiribati
947Tuvalu(none) FunafutiTuvaluan
950FijiFiji Islands Suva (Levuka under British rule from 1874-1877)Fijian
955TongaFriendly Islands Nuku'alofaTongan
970NauruNaoero None (Government offices in Yaren District)Nauruan
983Marshall Islands(none) MajuroMarshallese
986PalauBelau; Pelew KororPalauan
987Federated States of Micronesia(none) PalikirMicronesian
990SamoaWestern Samoa

Part of Navigators Islands (included both Western and American Samoa)
ApiaSamoan, Western Samoan

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Last updated: 31 December 2016
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